The "penal substitutionary atonement soteriology" the writer is referring to means, roughly, the idea that:
How much do you think the “health and wealth gospel” can be attributed to penal substitutionary atonement soteriology fermenting in an affluent culture? While I think a lot of the wealth gospel crew are in it for the dough, I think a lot of them feel that prosperity is essential since poverty is a curse in the deuteronomic covenant and Christ became the curse for us. (“He who was rich became poor so that we who were poor might through his poverty become rich”- 2 Cor 8:9). Within a penal substitutionary atonement model, I think they aren’t being completely irrational.
I’d be interested in your professional thoughts.
- we sinned
- we owe the penalty for our sin, namely damnation
- Jesus paid the penalty on the Cross
- now our debt is paid
To the Protestant, Jesus suffered and died so that we wouldn't have to.
To the Catholic, Jesus suffered and died so that we would be able to.This is not, perhaps, the place to go into deep theology, but I think this explains quite a few criticisms by Protestants of the Catholic viewpoint. For example:
- Jesus paid it all - why should there be Purgatory?
- Jesus paid it all - how can my good works contribute to my salvation?
- Jesus paid it all - how can I lose my salvation?
Indeed, I would go further than the writer above. If, indeed, Jesus paid it all - and if payment was the whole story - should not the curse of death be lifted? And what we find in many strains of Protestantism is a strong attraction to Rapture-eschatology, and to an imminent return of Christ - so that, indeed, those of us who are left will not die.
I think the key to atonement is divine sonship - that we, by adoption, are sons of God. In Christ - and with Christ in us - we do, indeed, participate in His Resurrection. But our participation in Christ is in the whole Christ, not just the victory:
- We participate in His creative work in our own labour
- We participate in His Cross in our own suffering
- We participate in His obedience to His Father by our own deeds of righteousness
- Even in our sins, we are participating in His bearing of our sins on the Cross
- And in our daily rising to repentance, and ultimately to glory, we participate in His Resurrection
To them God chose to make known how great among the Gentiles are the riches of the glory of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory. (Colossians 1:27)